What’s The Difference Between Serviced, Refurbished, and Restored Typewriters?

This is PART 2 on Tips For Buying A Vintage Typewriter. Read Part 1 here.

If you’ve been shopping for a vintage typewriter, you’ve probably been a bit confused at the wide range of prices. The price for a vintage typewriter can start at $15 at a garage sale to $5000 (or more!) from a well-respected restoration specialist.

To make sure that you are paying the correct price for a machine, you’ll need to understand the difference between Serviced, Refurbished, and Restored.

The amount of work that goes into a typewriter greatly determines its price point (or should).

Additionally, the price of a vintage typewriter is impacted by these elements:

  1. Brand and model
  2. Demand
  3. Condition
  4. Color

This post focuses on clarifying the difference between SERVICED, REFURBISHED, AND RESTORED. Having a grasp on the specifics of each type will manage your expectations and reduce frustrations from the beginning. Also, it will help you know if the seller is asking an appropriate price for a typewriter.


This makes up the largest group of typewriter resellers you’ll find out there…and the group you’ll want to be the most cautious with. While you can get a really great deal (if you’re savvy), you can easily pay too much. I’ve found that sellers of unserviced typewriters often try to put a price tag on them that is more appropriate for serviced or refurbished typewriters. You can spot unserviced typewriters as they:

  • still have the old ribbon (or none)
  • haven’t been tested
  • no proper cleaning (dusting it with a cloth doesn’t count as cleaning)
  • the mechanics haven’t been degreased
  • they keys are sticky

Unserviced typewriters generally are priced under $100 for manuals and under $60 for electrics – or should be. (Unless it’s an extremely rare typewriter). Occasionally, you’ll find a gem in an unserviced machine. Carefully stored and maintained machines don’t need much servicing, but they are hard to find.

TIP:  Looks can be deceiving!


The next most common group is serviced typewriters. These machines are typically NOT PROFESSIONALLY serviced. With serviced vintage typewriters, you can usually expect something like:

  • Basic cleaning
  • New ribbons installed
  • Minor repairs
  • the exterior finish is cleaned, polished, and touched up
  • inner mechanics have been properly tested and greased
  • major rust removed
  • Prices usually range from $85 – $400

The servicing involved will vary from seller to seller. Serviced typewriters do not come with any warranty or guarantee. They are repaired to a point that the machine is in a workable/manageable condition. Any unresolved issues should be identified by the seller in the description. But understand that you will most likely need to have your typewriter serviced again at some point in the future.

Tip: Serviced typewriters are an affordable and suitable option for most people looking for working typewriters. 


Refurbishing involves PROFESSIONAL servicing. More detailed repairs by skilled, experienced hands. The mechanics are thoroughly cleaned and repaired. Defective and worn parts are repaired or replaced. The finish is often redone. The decals may or may not be replaced. The typewriter is usually taken apart and the mechanics are soaked in special solutions to remove all grease, grime, and rust.

  • Platens are checked and replaced
  • Bells are working
  • Belts and other items with wear are replaced
  • Rust is removed.
  • Original parts are repaired
  • Prices usually start around $400-500 and go up.
  • Typewriter repair persons guarantee their work

Refurbished typewriters work beautifully and are smooth typers (like good Bordeaux wine). However, they maintain their character as they’ll still have signs of age and wear. Refurbishing professionals focus on REPAIRING EXISTING PARTS.

Talented service folks work hard to get a vintage machine in tip-top shape. The typewriters look amazing, work well, but may still carry the imprints of their age.

TIP:  Refurbished typewriters are the ideal option for folks with a bigger budget and are willing to pay extra to have a machine with a warranty.


Restored typewriters stand out as the best you can get. Gutted and rebuilt with NEW REPLACEMENT parts, restored typewriters make your jaw drop. Sleek lines, perfect paint, new decals, shining keys, and impeccable type.

Expect to pay thousands of dollars for these beauties. They are literally a new machine.

  • New replica decals
  • Replicas replace worn keys
  • New mechanics
  • All new paint and finish
  • Prices start around $1-2k and go up from there.
  • Restorers guarantee their work

TIP:  Restored typewriters are specifically marketed to collectors of fine machines. These are not practical purchases unless you have extra cash and you want a show piece in your home or office.

CAUTION: Some new sellers of vintage typewriters either knowingly or unknowingly try to sell you unserviced typewriters at a serviced or refurbished price point.

Be an educated buyer.

If you purchase a typewriter that needs repair, you can expect to pay $85 and up – IF you can find a service person in your area.

Finally, remember that you are purchasing a VINTAGE item. It’s not going to be perfect (unless it’s Restored). You are always taking a chance when you buy something old. It may work one day, and the next day it won’t. That’s part of having a vintage item.

Here’s a basic rule of thumb: Understand what work has or has not been done then compare prices with other machines of the same make and model. When you see the exact same typewriters with huge price variations, read the descriptions to make sure that the higher price points are by sellers who are offering a better quality machine.

If you have additional questions or have suggestions for topics, pop us an email here!

5 thoughts on “What’s The Difference Between Serviced, Refurbished, and Restored Typewriters?

  1. I have a Royal Model 10 s/n X-10887 M or AA. I am looking for someone to refurbish this Typewriter so I can give it as a present to a friend. Do you know of a reputable person/company who has the knowledge & skills to perform this refurbishing, including replacing all rubber?

    • Hi Richard. The model 10s are a lovely machine! Where are you located? I’ll talk with Rob who is connected to other typewriter repair folks and see if he has anyone to recommend.

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